Digital Twins for Education and Study of Engineering Sciences

Serge Zacher
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Abstract


Generally a digital twin is a software-model as a prototype for some product, ordered by a customer. It shell be used on all stages of industrial production of this ordered product, compering the actual state with the model und correcting the differences. A “virtual world” will be created from the “real word” and both “worlds” communicate with each other during production. At the educational institutions of engineering like universities, trainings centres or schools the digital twins are software-models of industrial plants, which are simulated and visualized similar to its industrial originals and synchronized with them. The presented paper shows steps of design of digital twins upon some examples of the master degree program at the University of Applied Sciences Darmstadt. It will be described why and how it is possible to use the digital twins. The ways from an original device to its model will be drawn. The different stages of the development of software-models, which are equipped with different levels of source code, will be shown. The actual trends to include the hardware into a software-model, so called hardware-in-the-loop and rapid control prototyping, will be described. Finally the advantages and disadvantages of digital twins for engineering study including the economic considerations will be discussed.

Keywords


Simulation, Model-in-the-loop, Software-in-the-loop, Processor-in-the-loop, Hardware-in-the-loop

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References


Digital Twins for Education and Study of Engineering Sciences. International Journal on Engineering, Science and Technology (IJonEST), 2(2), 61-69.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.46328/ijonest.40

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International Journal on Engineering, Science and Technology (IJonEST)-ISSN: 2642-4088

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