Interpretation of China’s Global Advocacy for Renewable Energy through Lenses of Liberalism as an International Relations Theory

Junjie (Jasper) Liang, Sixuan (Alice) Li
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Abstract


There has been numerous literature analysing the international expansion of renewable energy utilizing realism as an International Relations theory from both For and Against perspectives, such as casting doubt on fair cooperation or urging individual states to catch up with the global competition. This paper attempts to offer an alternative explanation to the international cooperation between China and the world in the field of renewable energy through the lenses of liberalism. The role and influence of liberalism in explaining this phenomenon will be presented in the form of compare and contrast between liberalism and realism, with secondary theories included such as institutional liberalism, idealism and democratic peace theory. The rapid growth of renewable energy globally in recent decades could be attributed to individual states’ policies, intergovernmental cooperation and advocacy by international organizations. The paper demonstrates that China’s ability to develop renewable energy can be correspondingly attributed to its willingness to cooperate under the framework of liberalism. It actively participates in international agreements, works with international organizations, and trades with other countries. With cooperative efforts, it succeeds in mitigating the traditional energy crisis and further promoting energy transition. In conclusion, liberalism provides a more accurate and innovative explanation to China`s advocacy for renewable energy compared to realism, and it can be argued that China’s model of energy transformation could be learned by the international community to tackle climate change.

Keywords


Liberalism, China, Renewable energy, Institutionalism, Democratic Peace Theory, Idealism

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References


Liang, J. & Li, S. (2020). Interpretation of China’s Global Advocacy for Renewable Energy through Lenses of Liberalism as an International Relations Theory. International Journal on Engineering, Science and Technology (IJonEST), 2(2), 56-60.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.46328/ijonest.39

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